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Background: Tranexamic acid (TXA) is used to reduce bleeding in body contouring procedures; however, there are no studies that show the effectiveness of TXA when it is also used in the immediate postoperative period.

Methods: A controlled, randomized, parallel, and open-label clinical trial was carried out in adult patients undergoing liposculpture and/or abdominoplasty. A control group administering presurgical TXA and a study group with presurgical and postsurgical TXA were formed. The decrease in hemoglobin and the incidence of blood transfusions between both groups were compared as well as the possible adverse effects of TXA.

Results: Four hundred twenty-seven subjects were included, 208 (48.7%) in the control group and 219 (51.3%) in the study group. The median age was 34 years (interquartile range 28-42). Median postoperative hemoglobin levels at 24 hours were similar in both groups (study 11.3 g/dL versus control 11.1 g/dL, P = 0.07); however, at 72 hours, postoperative hemoglobin was higher in the study group versus control (10.8 versus 10.0 g/dL, P <= 0.001). The incidence of transfusions at 72 hours was 1.8% in the study group and 8.6% in the control group, for a risk ratio of 0.21 (95% confidence interval 0.07-0.61). There were no adverse or thromboembolic events.

Conclusion: TXA proved to be more effective in reducing intra- and postsurgical bleeding and the need for transfusions, when used preoperatively and continued for 48 hours after surgery, than when used only preoperatively, without reporting adverse or thromboembolic effects.

Copyright (C) 2023 The Authors. Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. on behalf of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons. All rights reserved.