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Background: Prior clinical trials have investigated intravenous iron in patients with heart failure (HF) and iron deficiency, but the safety and efficacy of this therapy remains unclear.

Methods: We report the baseline demographics and clinical characteristics of patients enrolled in the HEART-FID study and compare HEART-FID participants with patients within other contemporary clinical trials of patients with HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), including other intravenous iron trials.

Results: In the 3,065 participants randomized in HEART-FID, median (IQR) age was 69.7 (62.0-76.5) years, 1,037 (33.8%) were female, 322 (10.5%) were Black, median ejection fraction was 32% (25%-37%), 1,837 (60.0%) had ischemic etiology, and baseline median NT-proBNP was 1,462 (721-2,966) pg/mL. Median baseline hemoglobin was 12.6 (11.6-13.6) g/dL, and median 6-minute walk test distance was 272 (196-350) m, similar to prior intravenous iron HFrEF trials. Common comorbidities included atrial fibrillation/flutter (43.7%), and type 2 diabetes (45.2%). Compared with several recent HFrEF trials, patients enrolled in HEART-FID had similar baseline demographics and clinical characteristics, though a greater proportion of women and Black participants were recruited in HEART-FID. In HEART-FID, HFrEF therapy included a beta-blocker in 92.5%, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker/angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitors (ARNI) in 86.1% (with 29.7% ARNI), and a mineralocorticoid antagonist (MRA) in 55.6%.

Conclusions: Patients enrolled in HEART-FID were similar to those enrolled in other contemporary HFrEF trials and registries, including trials of intravenous iron in HFrEF. However, the HEART-FID cohort is substantially larger and more racially diverse than prior trials of intravenous iron in HFrEF.

Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT03037931).

(C) 2023Elsevier, Inc.