The following article requires a subscription:

(Format: HTML, PDF)

Rationale: Central venous catheter (CVC) placement, particularly in emergency setting, may be associated with significant morbidity and mortality.

Patient concerns: A 33-year old woman with suspected pulmonary embolism, developed a pseudoaneurysm of the neck three days after a CVC placement in the right internal jugular vein, determining compression to adjacent neck structures.

Diagnoses: Computed tomography angiography and selective angiography demonstrated the presence of the pseudoaneurysm originating from the thyro-cervical trunk.

Interventions: The treatment was minimally invasive with endovascular exclusion first, and an open thrombectomy to resolve compressive syndrome two days later.

Outcomes: The color Doppler ultrasound confirmed the complete exclusion of the pseudoaneurysm with patency of the thyroid artery. A comprehensive review of literature on the risk factors and management of the unintended artery puncture was included.

Lessons: A correct technique under ultrasound guidance may reduce the incidence of unintended arterial injury during CVC placement. In patients with suitable anatomy and unfit for open repair, a minimally invasive approach provides a safe alternative to open surgery with excellent results.

Copyright (C) 2018 The Authors. Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.