Evaluation of gemcitabine efficacy after the FOLFIRINOX regimen in patients with advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
Gilabert, Marine MD, PhD a,*; Chanez, Brice MD a; Rho, Young Soo MD b; Giovanini, Marc MD c; Turrini, Olivier MD, PhD d; Batist, Gerald MD b; Kavan, Petr MD, PhD b; Raoul, Jean Luc MD, PhD a
96(16):e6544, April 2017.
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To evaluate gemcitabine efficacy in advanced pancreatic cancer patients after the FOLFIRINOX regimen.
Patients with locally-advanced or metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma from French and Canadian centers, who were treated with the first-line FOLFIRINOX regimen (FFX L1), followed by gemcitabine monotherapy as a second-line treatment (GEM L2), were retrospectively evaluated. Statistical analyses were performed on the demographic, toxicity, and response rate data. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were assessed using the Kaplan-Meier method.
Seventy-two patients were reviewed (median age of 63.5 years [range, 32-75 years], men [62%], predominantly pancreatic head tumor location [51%] and metastatic disease [64%] at the time of diagnosis). The objective response rate to GEM-L2 treatment was 8/72 (11%), and 32 patients (44%) experienced a clinical benefit from gemcitabine. Four patients had a partial response to GEM-L2, although they previously showed a progressive response following FFX-L1 treatment. The median OS for the entire cohort was 13.6 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.0-35). The median PFS of the GEM-L2 group was 2.5 months (95% CI: 0.2-10.8) with no statistical differences between patients with controlled or progressive disease on FFX-L1 therapy.
Gemcitabine as a second-line treatment for advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma after FOLFIRINOX failure showed clinical benefits in some patients.
Copyright (C) 2017 The Authors. Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.