Rating Systems in the Evaluation of Knee Ligament Injuries.
TEGNER, YELVERTON M.D.; LYSHOLM, JACK M.D., Ph.D.
Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research.
198:42-49, September 1985.
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Many different methods of evaluating disability after knee ligament injury exist. Most of them differ in design. Some are based on only patients' symptoms. Others include patients' symptoms, activity grading, performance in a test, and clinical findings. The rating in these evaluating systems can be either numerical, as in a score, or binary, with yes/no answers. Comparison between a symptom-related score and a score of more complex design showed that the symptom-related score gave a more differentiated picture of the disability. It was also shown that the binary rating system gave less detailed information than a score and that differences in a binary rating can depend on at what level the symptoms are regarded as "significant." A new activity grading scale, where work and sport activities were graded numerically, was constructed as complement to the functional score. When evaluating knee ligament injuries, stability testing, functional knee score, performance test, and activity grading are all important. However, the relative importance varies during the course of treatment, and therefore they should not all be included in one and the same score.
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