Effectiveness of the SLICE Program for Youth Concussion Education.
Bagley, Alexander F. BS *,+; Daneshvar, Daniel H. MA ++,[S]; Schanker, Benjamin D. BS [P]; Zurakowski, David PhD [P],||; d'Hemecourt, Charles A. BS ||; Nowinski, Christopher J. BA +,[S]; Cantu, Robert C. MD +,[S],**,++; Goulet, Kristian MD ||,++++
Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine.
22(5):385-389, September 2012.
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Objective: To analyze the effectiveness of the Sports Legacy Institute Community Educators (SLICE) curriculum for student-athletes on recognition and appropriate responses to concussions.
Design: Prospective cohort study, level II.
Setting: The SLICE concussion workshop.
Participants: All students ranging from 9 to 18 years (n = 636) taking the SLICE concussion education program.
Intervention: The SLICE concussion education program featuring interactive demonstrations, discussion, and case studies of athletes delivered by medical students and others in health-related fields.
Main Outcome Measures: Evaluations assessing knowledge of concussion recognition and appropriate response were administered before and after participating in the SLICE concussion education program.
Results: Students displayed significant improvements in absolute mean score on the concussion knowledge quiz between prepresentation and postpresentation (P < 0.0001). Significant improvements in mean score were observed among both male and female students within each age group. The proportion of students who passed the quiz increased from 34% prepresentation to 80% postpresentation (P < 0.0001). However, the percentage who passed the quiz postpresentation was significantly higher among female students compared with male students (P < 0.0001) and among students 13 years of age or older compared with students less than 13 years (P < 0.0001). Using multivariable logistic regression, we identified age group and gender as the most significant factors associated with passing the quiz postpresentation.
Conclusion: The SLICE program promotes effective learning and knowledge about concussion recognition and response among students ranging from 9 to 18 years. Lessons from the SLICE program may be broadly applicable to youth concussion education.
(C) 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.