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To further understand the exceptional HIV-1 control observed in Post-Treatment Controllers (PTCs) from the Virological and Immunological Sustained CONtrol after Treatment Interruption study we investigated their HIV-specific T-cell responses. Polyfunctionality of HIV-specific CD4 and CD8 T cells and the ratios of HIV-specific CD4 T cells per infected cells were similar in post-treatment controllers, continuously early-treated patients and long-term non-progressors Overall early treatment appears to preserve robust HIV-specific CD4 T cells, which might contribute to the posttreatment control of HIV.

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