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Ankle sprains affect athletic populations at high rates. Athletes who suffer an ankle sprain frequently go on to develop persistent symptoms, resulting in significant resources spent toward treatment, rehabilitation, and prevention. A thorough clinical evaluation is necessary to ensure an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment prescription. This narrative review aims to present an approach to evaluation of high and low ankle sprains for athletes of all levels. The authors review the current evidence for ankle sprain treatment and rehabilitation. Strategies for prevention of recurrent sprains and return to play considerations also are discussed.

Copyright (C) 2019 by the American College of Sports Medicine.