Results of a Pilot Intervention to Improve Health and Safety for Health Care Workers.
Caspi, Caitlin Eicher ScD; Dennerlein, Jack T. PhD; Kenwood, Christopher MS; Stoddard, Anne M. ScD; Hopcia, Karen ScD, NP; Hashimoto, Dean MD; Sorensen, Glorian PhD, MPH
Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine.
55(12):1449-1455, December 2013.
(Format: HTML, PDF)
Objective: To test the feasibility of a multicomponent pilot intervention to improve worker safety and wellness in two Boston hospitals.
Methods: A 3-month intervention was conducted on seven hospital units. Pre- (374 workers) and postsurveys (303 workers) assessed changes in safety/ergonomic behaviors and practices, and social support. Wellness outcomes included self-reported pain/aching in specific body areas (musculoskeletal disorders or MSDs) and physical activity (PA).
Results: Pain was reported frequently (81%), and PA averaged 4 hours per week. There was a postintervention increase in safe patient handling (P < 0.0001), safety practices (P = 0.0004), ergonomics (P = 0.009), and supervisor support (P = 0.01), but no changes in MSDs or PA.
Conclusions: Safe patient handling, ergonomics, and safety practices are good targets for worker safety and wellness interventions; longer intervention periods may reduce the risk of MSDs.
Copyright (C) 2013 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine