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The incidence of sporadic GII norovirus gastroenteritis associated with hospitalization was examined among 515 children aged <5 years in a prospective study in Israel. Using real-time polymerase chain reaction, norovirus was detected in stools of 89 (17.3%) children, yielding an estimated incidence of 3.3 per 1000 children. Genotypes GII.3 (40.4%) and GII.4a (21.3%) predominated, though year-to-year variation was observed.

(C) 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.