Is Age of Onset of Crohn's Disease Governed by Mutations in NOD2/Caspase Recruitment Domains 15 and Toll-Like Receptor 4? Evaluation of a Pediatric Cohort.
LESHINSKY-SILVER, ESTHER; KARBAN, AMIR; BUZHAKOR, ERENA; FRIDLANDER, MARCELO; YAKIR, BENJAMIN; ELIAKIM, RAMI; REIF, SHIMON; SHAUL, RONI; BOAZ, MONA; LEV, DORIT; LEVINE, ARIE
58(3):499-504, September 2005.
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Crohn's disease (CD) is caused by a combination of environmental and genetic factors. It is not clear at present whether age of onset (AOO) is a random event or dictated by genotype or environmental factors. Mutations in the NOD2/caspase recruitment domains 15 (CARD15) and in the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) gene have been associated with increased susceptibility for CD. We sought to determine whether single or multiple mutations in these genes are linked to earlier susceptibility for CD. A cohort of 189 patients with CD (82 pediatric onset, 107 adult onset) were genotyped for three disease-associated single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), one haplotype association (JW1-SNP5), and one background polymorphism (P268S) of the NOD2/CARD15 gene and for two SNPs of TLR4. Analysis of heterozygosity, homozygosity, alleles, and haplotypes of cohort on age or pediatric onset was performed. AOO ranged from 8 mo to 68 y. The presence of the three NOD2/CARD15 and two TLR4 mutations, the NOD2/CARD15 JW haplotype, compound heterozygosity, and homozygosity were not associated with AOO. Presence of P268S in the absence of known NOD2/CARD15 mutations was correlated with increasing age and adult onset of CD, whereas pediatric-onset disease was associated with male gender and the wild-type NOD2/CARD15 haplotype. Mutations in NOD2/CARD15 and TLR4 are not significantly associated with AOO in our population. Mutations that are not in linkage disequilibrium with the background mutation P268S of the NOD2/CARD15 gene probably play a more significant role in pediatric-onset disease.
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