Effects of Scleral-lens Tear Clearance on Corneal Edema and Post-lens Tear Dynamics: A Pilot Study.
Tan, Bo PhD, FAAO 1; Zhou, Yixiu PhD 1; Yuen, Tiffany L. OD 1; Lin, Kristina BA 1; Michaud, Langis OD, MSc 2; Lin, Meng C. OD, PhD, FAAO 1,3*
Optometry and Vision Science.
95(6):481-490, June 2018.
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SIGNIFICANCE: The present study with small-diameter scleral lenses (SLs) revealed that post-lens tear thickness (PoLTT) was significantly associated with post-lens tear mixing, but not with central corneal edema, after short-term SL wear.
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of SL tear clearance (PoLTT) on central corneal thickness and post-lens tear dynamics during 5-hour lens wear.
METHODS: Neophytes with no active ocular disease were fitted bilaterally with SLs (hofocon A; 15.6-mm diameter; ~438-[mu]m thickness; 97 Dk; 1.44 refractive index) with various initial PoLTT values ranging from 74 to 543 [mu]m. Central corneal thickness and PoLTT were measured using optical coherence tomography during lens wear. Tear mixing was assessed using fluorogram and "out-in" method.
RESULTS: The mean central corneal edema after 5-hour lens wear was 1.51% (95% confidence interval, 1.26 to 1.76%; P < .001), reached its peak at 2-hour post-lens insertion (1.65% [95% confidence interval, 1.45 to 1.85%]), and was independent of PoLTT. The fastest fluorescence decay of the post-lens tear film was observed superiorly. The fluorescence decay rate increased from center to periphery in all quadrants except superiorly. An inverse relationship was found between PoLTT and fluorescence decay rate at both 20-minute and 5-hour wear after lens insertion (P < .05). Excluding observations with out-in time exceeding 5 minutes, we found a direct relationship between PoLTT at 20 minutes after lens insertion and out-in time (P = .047). The % change in the PoLTT after 5-hour wear was greater with a thinner initial tear clearance than those with a thicker one (P = .034).
CONCLUSIONS: Within our study parameters, a thinner PoLTT under a small-diameter SL was associated with faster PoLTT mixing. However, there was no relationship between PoLTT and central corneal thickness during 5-hour SL wear.
(C) 2018 American Academy of Optometry