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Background: Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that is related to the health of the human body and is an indispensable nutrient for human beings. Some studies indicated that type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) may be associated with vitamin D deficiency, but the current understanding of this point of view remains controversial. This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between serum 25-hydroxyl vitamin D (25 [OH] D) concentration and DPN in patients with T2DM by a meta-analysis, and to provide a reference for doctors.

Methods: Relevant studies were selected from the PubMed, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, VIP databases, and Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform databases dating from 2000 to December 2017. A total of 75 articles related to serum 25 (OH) D and DPN were selected from 2000 to December 2017. Based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria of the literature, a quality assessment was conducted using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale, and a meta-analysis was performed by RevMan5.3 statistical software.

Results: Thirteen studies that involved a total of 2814 type 2 diabetic patients were finally included into the meta-analysis. Meta-analysis results, heterogeneity test showed that, P < .000 01, I2 = 92%, calculation by random effect model revealed that, the serum concentration of 25 (OH) D in T2DM combined with DPN group was lower than that in the group without DPN (weighted mean difference = -0.74, 95% confidence interval: -1.03 to -0.46)

Conclusions: Vitamin D is associated with type 2 DPN (DPN), and vitamin D deficiency can lead to an increased risk of type 2 DPN. However, more high-quality research is needed.

Copyright (C) 2019 The Authors. Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.