Prevalence Rates and Correlates of Psychiatric Disorders among Preschool Children.
Lavigne, John V. PhD; Gibbons, Robert D. PhD; Christoffel, Katherine Kaufer MD; Arend, Richard PhD; Rosenbaum, Diane PhD; Binns, Helen MD; Dawson, Nichole MA; Sobel, Hollie MA; Isaacs, Crystal MA
Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry.
35(2):204-214, February 1996.
Objective: To determine the prevalence and correlates of psychiatric disorders among preschool children in a primary care pediatric sample.
Method: In a two-stage design, 3,860 preschool children were screened; 510 received fuller evaluations.
Results: For quantitative assessment of disorder (greater or equal to 90th percentile), prevalence of behavior problems was 8.3%. "Probable" occurrence of an Axis I DSM-III-R disorder was 21.4% (9.1%, severe). Logistic regression analyses indicated significant demographic correlates for quantitative outcomes (older age, minority status, male sex, low socioeconomic status, father absence, small family size) but not for DSM-III-R diagnoses. Maternal and family characteristics were generally not significant. Child correlates included activity level, timidity, persistence, and IQ.
Conclusions: Overall prevalence of disorder was consistent with rates for older children; correlates varied by approach used for classification. J. Am. Acad. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry, 1996, 35(2):204-214.
Copyright 1996 (C) American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry