Mitral Valve Repair for Functional Mitral Regurgitation in End-Stage Dilated Cardiomyopathy: Role of the "Edge-to-Edge" Technique.
De Bonis, Michele MD; Lapenna, Elisabetta MD; La Canna, Giovanni MD; Ficarra, Eleonora MD; Pagliaro, Marco MD; Torracca, Lucia MD; Maisano, Francesco MD; Alfieri, Ottavio MD
CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY SUPPLEMENT. 112(9) Supplement:I402-I408, August 30, 2005.
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Background-: The aim of this study was to assess the results of mitral valve (MV) repair in functional mitral regurgitation because of end-stage dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM).
Methods and Results-: Seventy-seven patients with end-stage idiopathic (26 patients) or ischemic (51 patients) DCM underwent MV repair for functional mitral regurgitation (3 to 4 /4 ). Fifty-eight patients (75.3%) were in New York Heart Association class III, and 19 (24.6%) were in IV. In 23 patients (29.8%) with a coaptation depth <1 cm, an isolated undersized annuloplasty was used. In the remaining 54 (70.1%), with a coaptation depth >=1 cm, the "edge-to-edge" technique was associated with the annuloplasty. In most of the cases (88.3%), a complete rigid/semirigid ring was used. Concomitant coronary artery bypass graft was performed in 39 patients (50.6%). Hospital mortality was 3.8% (3 of 77). Actuarial survival was 90.7 /-3.64%, and freedom from cardiac events was 81.8 /-7.96% at 2.7 years. At a mean follow-up of 18.4 /-9.8 months (range, 1 month to 5 years) New York Heart Association class improved from 3.4 /-0.4 to 1.4 /-0.6 (P<0.0001). Mitral repair failure (recurrence of MR >=3 /4 ) was documented in 7 patients (9%): 2 in the edge-to-edge (2 of 54, 3.7%) and 5 in the isolated annuloplasty group (5 of 23, 21.7%) (P=0.03). Freedom from repair failure at 1.5 years was 95.0 /-3.4% and 77 /-12.1%, respectively (P=0.04). The absence of the edge-to-edge was the only predictor of repair failure (P=0.03). When residual MR was absent or mild, a reverse left ventricular remodeling was clearly documented.
Conclusions-: In patients with end-stage DCM, MV repair is feasible with low hospital mortality and important symptomatic improvement. The association of the edge-to-edge technique to the undersized annuloplasty can significantly improve the durability of the repair.
(C) 2005 American Heart Association, Inc.