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The CCR7 ligands, CCL19 and CCL21, coordinate lymph node homing of naive and central memory T cells. In untreated HIV-infected patients, serum levels of CCL19 and CCL21 showed a biphasic pattern during progression; a marked increase was followed by a decline in patients with advanced immunodeficiency. During highly active antiretroviral therapy, a decrease in CCL19/CCL21 levels was restricted to virologic responders. We suggest that dysregulation of CCR7 ligands may play an important role in progression of HIV infection.

(C) 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.