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Obstetrics and gynecology residency program directors and chief residents were surveyed, and 80% responded to a questionnaire regarding training in contraception, sterilization, and abortion. Most program directors reported that teaching and clinical experience is provided in these areas. The chief residents, however, reported having less clinical experience than was estimated by their program directors. Most residents reported experience prescribing oral contraceptives and performing tubal ligations, but had little experience with other methods. Thirty-eight percent of graduating chief residents reported never having inserted an intrauterine device, 47% had never performed a firsttrimester abortion, and 43% had never performed a dilation and evacuation. Residency programs need to set competency goals in these areas so that new practitioners will be well prepared to care for American women who wish to control their fertility. (Obstet Gynecol 1993;81:311-4)

(C) 1993 The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists