Treatment of Experimental Aneurysms Using Collagen-coated Microcoils Experimental Study: 133.
Dawson, Robert C. M.D.; Krisht, Ali F. M.D.; Barrow, Daniel L. M.D.; Joseph, Gregory J. M.D.; Shengelaia, George G. M.D.; Bonner, Gary M.B.A.
36(1):133-140, January 1995.
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colon; ENDOVASCULAR TREATMENT OF certain surgically difficult aneurysms is currently performed using fibered microcoils or electrolytically detachable microcoils to obliterate these lesions by forming an intra-aneurysmal thrombus. Unfortunately, this treatment option results in a significant incidence of incomplete obliteration of treated aneurysms. A thrombus can recanalize, resulting in further aneurysm growth and subsequent rupture. Nineteen aneurysms were surgically created in 10 pigs using jugular venous pouches. The aneurysms were allowed to mature for periods of 7 days to as long as 11 weeks prior to embolization. Fourteen remained patent for embolization. The aneurysms were then embolized (9 with collagencoated microcoils, 5 with dacron-fibered platinum microcoils). Follow-up angiograms were obtained prior to sacrifice at 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 weeks postembolization, and the embolized aneurysms and parent vessels were harvested for histopathological studies. The current study was designed to evaluate the potential efficacy of collagen-coated microcoils in providing an enduring therapy for aneurysms by comparing this new embolic device with the standard dacron-fibered platinum microcoils in a swine common carotid artery side wall aneurysm model. The aneurysms treated with collagen microcoils were completely obliterated with a collagen-rich fibrous scar with no histological evidence of residual thrombus or recanalization. Additionally, after treatment of experimental aneurysms with collagen microcoils, re-endothelialization across the former aneurysm neck was seen. In contrast, aneurysms embolized with dacron-fibered microcoils contained persistent thrombus surrounded by a relatively immature scar with residual aneurysmal lumen and lack of endothelium. This preliminary study suggests that collagen-coated microcoils can produce a mature endovascular scar and endothelial barrier that is superior to a thrombus. This treatment may hold promise for permanent treatment of surgically difficult aneurysms.
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