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The concurrence of 2 independent neoplasias in the ipsilateral parotid and the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) region was infrequently reported. In this article, we present a unique case characterized by the coexistence of a rare salivary gland tumor, basal cell adenoma, of the parotid gland with a ganglion cyst in the ipsilateral TMJ region. A special surgical procedure was also presented here using a modified preauricular incision and transcondylar approach for extracapsular dissection of both lesions. Previously published literature are about the traditional treatment of benign parotid tumors using partial or total parotidectomy with the preservation of facial nerve mainly via an S-shaped submandibular incision and approach. Here, for the first time, a special surgical method using preauricular transcondylar approach for this unique case of synchronous occurrence of parotid tumor and TMJ cyst is reported.

(C) 2011 Mutaz B. Habal, MD