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Simulation training is rapidly becoming an integral element of the education curriculum of anesthesia residency programs. We report a case of successful resuscitation of bupivacaine-induced cardiac arrest treated with IV lipid emulsion by providers who had recently participated in simulation training involving a scenario nearly identical to this case. Upon debriefing, it was determined that the previous training influenced execution of the following steps: rapid problem recognition, prompt initiation of specific therapy in the setting of supportive advanced cardiac life support measures, and coordinated team efforts. Although the true cause of efficient resuscitation and ultimate recovery cannot be proven, the efficiency of the resuscitation process, including timely administration of lipid emulsion, is evidence that simulation may be useful for training providers to manage rare emergencies.

(C) 2008 International Anesthesia Research Society