Recognition and Rehabilitation of the Female Athlete Triad/Tetrad: A Multidisciplinary Approach.
Temme, Kate E. MD 1; Hoch, Anne Z. DO 2
Current Sports Medicine Reports.
12(3):190-199, May/June 2013.
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While the benefits of physical activity are numerous, the female athlete triad poses a significant health risk to young athletes. Emerging research links the triad to endothelial dysfunction - a sentinel event in cardiovascular disease - suggesting that this complex interplay of metabolic and endocrine factors may be described more accurately as a tetrad. Effective treatment of the triad/tetrad requires a multidisciplinary approach. Emphasis must be placed on prevention, recognition, and treatment of triad for the promotion of healthy nutritional and activity profiles in female athletes across their lifespans.
Copyright (C) 2013 by the American College of Sports Medicine.