Neurocysticercosis: Evaluation With Advanced Magnetic Resonance Techniques and Atypical Forms.
Faria Amaral, Lazaro Luis do MD *; Ferreira, Rafael Martins MD *; da Rocha, Antonio Jose MD +; Ferreira, Nelson Paes Diniz Fortes MD *
Topics in Magnetic Resonance Imaging.
16(2):127-144, April 2005.
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Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the most common helminthic infection of the central nervous system, but its diagnosis remains difficult. The purpose of this article is to perform a critical analysis of the literature and show our experience in the evaluation of NCC. We discuss the advanced MR technique applications such as diffusion and perfusion-weighted imaging, spectroscopy, cisternography with FLAIR, and supplemental O2 and 3D-CISS. The typical manifestations of NCC are described; emphasis is given to the unusual presentations. The atypical forms of neurocysticercosis were divided into: intraventricular, subarachnoid, spinal, orbital, and intraparenchymatous. Special attention was also given to reactivation of previously calcified lesions and neurocysticercosis associated with mesial temporal sclerosis.
(C) 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.