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Background: Fractures of the scapula account for 3% to 5% of all fractures of the shoulder girdle 39-41 and make up less than 1% of all broken bones. 42 Scapula fractures typically occur after high-energy trauma, and approximately 90% of the patients have associated injuries. 39,43

Objective: (1) To determine the incidences of nonoperative and operative treatment of different scapula fracture types, (2) to systematically stratify the reported results of nonoperatively and operatively treated scapula fractures on the basis of different fracture types and to summarize functional results, and (3) to quantify infection and secondary surgical procedure rates after operative treatment.

(C) 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.